HAVANA — They were forgotten masters of a long-ago sound, their faces deeply lined and their hands spotted with age. Then, suddenly, at an age when many performers would be retired, the members of this old-school band found themselves playing in some of the most hallowed venues around the world, sharing stages with the likes of Sting and Shakira.
After rocketing into the spotlight in the late 1990s, the Buena Vista Social Club became nothing less than Cuba’s soundtrack to the world. Nearly two decades later, the remaining members of the group are preparing to disband after one last farewell tour.
“Many of the musicians have their own plans,” said a visibly emotional Jesus “Aguaje” Ramos, a trombonist and orchestra leader who has been with the group since the beginning. “They must be given a chance.”
He spoke in an exclusive interview with The Associated Press a week before the group left Cuba for its globe-trotting swan song.
“The name of the tour is very strong: the ‘Adios Tour,’” Ramos said. “But for me it’s more of an `until next time.’ We are musicians and we have to do this.”
The Buena Vista Social Club was born when U.S. musician and producer Ry Cooder traveled to the island and brought the musicians together to lay down the haunting 14-track album. The record won a Grammy and a documentary of the same name was nominated for an Oscar.
The catchy opening chords of Chan Chan still echo through the cobblestone streets of Old Havana each day, played by roving bands of musicians who know what tourists want to hear. The group’s interpretation of classics like El Cuarto de Tula and Dos Gardenias are also frequently heard.
Together with a boom in other genres in the 1990s, the Buena Vista Social Club was a key part of a “great golden age of music in Cuba”, said Raul Fernandez, a social scientist at the University of California, Irvine, who studies the island’s music.
Many of the core original members have died, including Ruben Gonzalez, Ibrahim Ferrer and Compay Segundo, with crooner Omara Portuondo and guitarist Eliades Ochoa among the better-known still living.
Over the years, the group has always had a kind of revolving door for artists who came and went. But the central mission remained the same: to revive a musical tradition that had been shunted aside by new tastes.
“When we started, there were people who made fun of the music we made, danzon, cha-cha-cha. `That’s out of style,’ they said. But still we have kept on going. It rescued all that history,” Ramos said.
Amadito Valdes, who has had a long career as a percussionist, recalled some of the group’s highlights: performing in New York’s Carnegie Hall; Gonzalez’s visit to the United Nations; Segundo’s audience with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican.
“Wherever there is Cuban music there will be the aura of the Buena Vista Social Club,” said Valdes, for whom the farewell tour is also an end of an era. “It’s something that makes you sad, to a certain point, [for] those of us who have seen this project grow.”
The tour kicked off with a performance in Poland and will run through 2015, wrapping up with a concert in Havana.
The group’s younger members see it as a transitional moment in their artistic lives.
“They have been my school and my career. I have been working with them for 12 years,” said singer Idania Valdes, Amadito Valdes’ daughter. “It’s the close of a cycle. Almost all of us have independent plans [but] we will continue to be a big family.’’