By MATTHEW PENNINGTON
WASHINGTON (AP) _ The United States voiced concern Friday over a report that China manipulated international Internet traffic intended for a major Chinese Web service company and used it for a cyberattack on U.S. sites.
State Department spokesman Jeff Rathke’s comments follow complaints from anti-online censorship group Greatfire.org that Chinese authorities carried out denial-of-service attacks in late March that intermittently shut down San Francisco-based Github, a U.S.-based computer-code sharing site that hosts some of Greatfire’s data. Greatfire.org said it was a direct target of similar attacks earlier that month.
Greatfire.org, which has received U.S. government funding, produces mirror websites that let Chinese users see information normally blocked by government censors.
Citizen Lab, a research unit based at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto, attributed the attack to an offensive system it dubbed the “Great Cannon” that manipulates the traffic of systems outside China, silently programming their browsers to create a massive denial of service attack.
“We are concerned by reports that China has used a new cyber capability to interfere with the ability of worldwide Internet users to access content hosted outside of China,” Rathke told reporters. He said the U.S. has asked Chinese authorities to investigate and provide the findings.
“We view attacks by malicious cyberactors, who target critical infrastructure, U.S. companies and U.S. consumers, as threats to national security and to the economy of the United States,” Rathke said.
In its own report, Greatfire.org alleged that Chinese authorities carried out the attacks by installing malicious code on the computers of users visiting the popular Chinese search engine Baidu and related sites and used those computers to overwhelm Github and Greatfire.org websites with service requests.
Chinese Embassy spokesman Zhu Haiquan said Friday: “China firmly opposes and combats any form of cyber attack in accordance with law. We hope that instead of making accusations without solid evidence, the U.S. side can take a more constructive attitude and work together with us to address cyber issues.”
He also said the Chinese government, “guarantees the citizens’ freedom of speech on the Internet as well as the public’s right to know, to participate, to be heard and to oversee in accordance with the law.”
China’s government blocks thousands of websites to prevent what it deems politically sensitive information from reaching Chinese users. It’s known as the “Great Firewall.”
Greatfire.org doesn’t reveal where it’s located or who runs it. The Open Technology Fund, a U.S. government-backed initiative to support Internet freedom, says on its website that it provided Greatfire.org with $114,000 in 2014.