JACKSONVILLE — A verdict in the city of Jacksonville is again raising the issue of self-defense and race in Florida, just seven months after George Zimmerman was acquitted in the shooting of a black teenager, Trayvon Martin.
Michael Dunn, a white 47-year-old software developer, could face 60 years in prison following his conviction Saturday on multiple counts of attempted murder for shooting into a carful of teenagers outside a Jacksonville convenience store in 2012. Jordan Davis, a black 17-year-old, was killed in the shooting but the jury couldn’t reach a verdict on the first-degree murder charge against Dunn. A mistrial was declared on that count.
The verdict is a far cry from one delivered in the case of Zimmerman, who was acquitted in July in the shooting death of 17-year-old Trayvon in Sanford about 125 miles south of Jacksonville.
Like Zimmerman, Dunn said he felt his life was in danger when he fired the shots. But the verdict suggested the jury struggled to see it that way. Following an argument over loud music coming from the car that Jordan was in, Dunn said he shot at the vehicle with his 9mm handgun — he said he was afraid and thought he saw a shotgun in the car.
Another area of confusion for the general public is Florida’s “stand your ground” defense law which was a flashpoint during the Zimmerman case and, to a lesser degree, in this case.
Zimmerman told police he shot Trayvon only after the African-American teenager physically attacked him; Trayvon’s family and supporters say Zimmerman, who identifies himself as Hispanic, marked the Miami Gardens teenager as a potential criminal because he was black.
In both the Dunn and Zimmerman trials, lawyers decided not to pursue a pretrial immunity hearing allowed by the “stand your ground” law. But, in both cases, jurors were told by the judges that they should acquit if they found the defendant had no duty to retreat and had the right to “stand his ground.”
That phrase is part of standard instructions given jurors when they weigh a case involving a claim of self-defense. But the state’s “stand your ground” law was technically not part of either trial.
“Dunn’s attorney argued self-defense, which has been around forever,” said Miami defense lawyer and former assistant U.S. Attorney David Weinstein. “I think people will say that because some of the language from the stand your ground statute gets embedded into the jury instructions, that ‘stand your ground’ has an effect.”
Judge Russell L. Healey could impose a 60-year sentence — state statutes call for a mandatory minimum sentence of 20 years on each second-degree attempted murder conviction.
But the Florida Supreme Court could reduce the total sentence to 20 years if it decides that consecutive sentences are not appropriate when the sentences arise from one criminal episode, said Weinstein.
“This will make the decision to retry Dunn on the murder charge a little more complicated,” Weinstein said. “Agreeing on a sentence of less than 60 years and forgoing an appeal might be something that Dunn would be willing to do and it would provide finality for the Davis family.”
Dunn could also face 15 years in prison for shooting into the car. A sentencing date won’t be set until a hearing next month. Dunn’s attorney vowed to appeal. “I basically told him to stay strong and we’re still going to fight,” Cory Strolla said Saturday night.