NEW YORK — While American Airlines and US Airways have started merger discussions, it would be several months — if not years — before passengers see any real impact.
Passengers with existing tickets on American or US Airways — and members of both frequent flier programs — shouldn’t fret. No changes will come anytime soon.
Assuming quick merger negotiations, American's parent company, AMR Corp., would still have to work its way through the bankruptcy process. Then the Department of Transportation and the Justice Department would have to sign off on it.
Finally, once a deal closes, the new company could operate two separate airlines for a number of years.
If the airlines finally merge, here’s what passengers can expect:
In the past decade, the airline industry has seen the combinations of Delta with Northwest, United with Continental and Southwest Airlines Co. with AirTran. Further consolidation is likely to raise airfares. The price of a domestic round-trip flight has climbed nearly 20 percent, when adjusted for inflation, over the last 10 years, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
The merger would give a combined American and US Airways Group Inc. the ability to increase fares. United, Delta and Southwest would be likely to follow.
FREQUENT FLIER MILES
Your miles would be safe. Eventually, the two airlines would merge the miles into one program. Before then, elite status from one airline would likely be honored on the other and passengers would be able to transfer miles from one program to another. That puts the occasional traveler closer to rewards.
The merged carrier would continue American’s participation in the OneWorld alliance, which was founded by American, British Airways, Cathay Pacific and Qantas. Today, it has 12 airlines including Finnair, Mexicana and Japan Airlines. US Airways would leave the Star Alliance, which includes rival United Airlines, Lufthansa, Air Canada and 24 other airlines. Alliances allow passengers to earn and redeem miles on partner airlines.
A key reason for merging is to link both airlines’ networks, creating a system on par with Delta Air Lines and United Airlines, part of United Continental Holdings Inc. American currently serves about 250 cities in more than 40 countries with 3,400 daily flights.
US Airways has 200 destinations in 28 countries with 3,200 daily flights. There is some overlap. But by joining forces the combined airline would become more attractive to companies seeking to fly employees around the globe with few connections.
US Airways passengers would gain access to American’s international destinations, particularly London and Latin America. American’s passengers would be able to better connect to smaller U.S. cities that US Airways serves.
The combined carrier would have considerable presence in New York, Philadelphia, Washington, Charlotte, N.C., Miami, Chicago, Dallas, Phoenix and Los Angeles. It is unclear how many of those cities would survive the merger. In past mergers, airlines have promised not to close any hubs but have gone ahead and dramatically reduced service in once-key cities.
The merger of two airlines often means confusion and hassle for customers. Which terminal or ticket counter do they go to for check in? If there is a problem with a ticket, which company should they call?
For a while, United and Continental were issuing two confirmation numbers for each ticket so either airline’s staff could make changes. Problems with the integration of their frequent flier programs angered many loyal road warriors. It could be months, if not years, until all American and US Airways planes get a uniform paint job.
“These things are never as seamless as they seem,” said Thomas Lawton, a professor of business administration at Dartmouth College's Tuck School of business. “There will probably be some initial teething problems.”